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« » August 2020

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» 1
1950: PUSAN, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 15 Sept 50), 1945: 2RCR, among other units, formed for the Pacific Force
» 2 - Week 32
1990: Iraq invades Kuwait, 1943: TROINA RIVER, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 6 Aug 43), 1943: PURSUIT TO MESSINA, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 17 Aug 43), 1934: Hitler becomes German president, 1915: 200,000 British pounds subscribed in Canada for machine-guns
2005: Sgt. (ret) Ernest A. SMOKEY Smith VC OBC, Canada's last Victoria Cross Recipeint dies in Vancouver BC at age 91, 1941: 100,000 Soviet troops encircled in the Uman pocket, 1914: Germny declares war on France, Order for British mobilization
1944: VC won by Sqn Ldr Ian Willoughby Bazalgette, Royal Air Force, Trossy St. Maxime, France (posthumous), 1914: Germany declares war on Belgium
1881: The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa: Advance
1945: Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima
1944: FALAISE, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 22 Aug 44), 1914: Le Regiment de Hull: On Ne Passe Pas, 1858: Ottawa selected as the capital of Canada
1918: VC won by Pte John Bernard Croake, 13 Battalion, CEF, Amiens, France, 1918: VC won by Lt James Edward Tait, 78th Battalion, CEF, Amiens, France (posthumous), 1918: VC won by Cpl Herman James Good, 13th Battalion, CEF, near Amiens, France, 1918: VC won by Cpl Harry Garnet Bedford Miner, 58th Batalion, CEF, Dermuin, France (posthumous), 1918: AMIENS, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 11 Aug 18)
» 9 - Week 33
1945: VC won by Robert Hampton Gray, Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve (attached to the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy), Onagawa Wan, Japan (posthumous), 1945: Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, 1918: VC won by Sgt Raphael Louis Zengel, MM, 5th Battalion, CEF, Amiens, France, 1918: VC won by Lt Jean Brillant, 22nd Battalion, CEF, Meharicourt, France (near Amiens) (posthumous), 1918: VC won by Cpl Frederick George Coppins, 8th Battalion, CEF, Amiens (Hackey Wood), France, 1918: VC won by A/Cpl Alexander Picton Brereton, 8th Battalion, CEF, Amiens, France
1914: Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry are raised
1944: CLAIR TIZON, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 13 Aug 44)
1918: VC won by Pte Thomas Dineson, 42nd Battalion, CEF, Parvillers (near Amiens), France
1941: The Canadian Women's Army Corps is authorized, 1940: The Royal Canadian Armoured Corps is authorized, 1918: VC won by Sgt Robert Spall, PPCLI, CEF, Parvillers, France (posthumous)
1883: 4th Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment: Pro Patria (For country)
1945: Emperor Hirohito's radio broadcast, accepting Allied surrender terms - VJ Day, 1944: SOUTHERN FRANCE, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 28 Aug 44), 1944: Operation Dragoon, Allied landing in South of France, 1917: VC won by Pte Michael James O'Rourke, 7th Battalion, CEF, Hill 70, France, 1917: HILL 70, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 25 Aug 17)
» 16 - Week 34
1917: LANGEMARCK, 1917, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 18 Aug 17)
1917: VC won by Pte Harry Brown, 10th Battalion, CEF, Hill 70 (near Lens), France (posthumous)
1944: VC won by Major David Vivian Currie, 29th Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment (The South Alberta Regiment), St. Lambert-sur-Dives, France, 1917: VC won by Sgt Frederick Hobson, 20th Battalion, CEF, Hill 70, France (posthumous), 1917: VC won by A/Major Okill Massey Learmouth MC, 2nd Battalion, CEF, Hill 70, France (posthumous)
1981: First Gulf of Sidra Incident: Two Libyan Su-22 fighters engaged two US F-14 Tomcats off the Libyan coast. The Libyan fighters were destroyed by the F-14's., 1945: Indochina Conflict: Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Minh take power in Hanoi, Vietnam, 1942: World War II: Operation Jubilee - The 2nd Canadian Infantry Division leads an allied forces amphibious assault on Dieppe, France., 1942: VC won by Lt. Col. Charles Cecil Merritt, The South Saskatchewan Regiment, Dieppe, France, 1942: VC won by A/Capt John Weir Foote, ED, DD, Canadian Chaplain Services attached to The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry, Dieppe, France, 1942: DIEPPE, 1915: British forces total 3,825,000 including Colonial troops, 1914: Kaiser's alleged order for the destruction of "General French's contemptible little army.", 1812: War of 1812: American frigate USS CONSTITUTION defeats the British frigate HMS GUERRIERE off the coast of Nova Scotia. The British shot is said to have bounced off CONSTITUTION's sides, earning her the nickname "Old Ironsides"., 1745: Jacobite Rising, Prince Charles Edward Stuart lands from a French warship in Glenfinnan, raises his standard, and marches on London - the start of the second Jacobite Rebellion, known as "the 45".
917: Tsar Simeon I of Bulgaria invaded Thrace and drove the Byzantines out., 636: Arab forces led by Khalid bin Walid took contol of Syria and Palestine in the Battle of Yarmuk, 1998: U.S. Embassy Bombings: The United States military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged Al-Qaeda camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for the August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. The Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum is destroyed in the attack., 1968: The "Prague Spring" abruptly ended when 200,000 Warsaw Pact troops and 5,000 tanks invaded Czechoslovakia, 1944: Allies close Falaise Gap, 1940: Chuchill's speech "Never in the field of human conflict...", 1914: World War I: German forces occupy Brussels
1917: VC won by CSM Robert Hanna, 29th Battalion, CEF, Hill 70, France, 1914: The Royal Newfoundland Regiment: Better Than the Best, 1863: U.S. Civil War: Lawrence, Kansas is destroyed by Confederate guerillas "Quantrill's Raiders" in the Lawrence Massacre., 1852: Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk, Yukon.
1942: Brazil declares war on the Axis powers (Germany, Italy and Japan), 1941: German troops reach Leningrad, leading to the siege of Leningrad., 1916: Lloyd-George announces 35 Zeppelins destroyed by the Allies, 1914: In Belgium, British and German troops meet in battle for the first time in World War I., 1910: Japan annexes Korea., 1875: The Treaty of St. Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified. Japan ceded Sakhalin to Russia in exchange for the Kuril Islands. , 1864: Twelve nations sign the First Geneva Convention. The International Red Cross is formed., 1798: French troops land in Ireland to aid the Irish Rebellion., 1775: King George III declares the American colonies to be in open rebellion., 1642: Charles I calls the English Parliament traitors. Beginning of the English Civil War., 1485: The Battle of Bosworth Field decisively ends the War of the Roses.
» 23 - Week 35
1990: Saddam Hussein appears on Iraqi state television with a number of Western "guests" (actually hostages to try to prevent the Gulf War)., 1990: Armenia declares its independence from the Soviet Union., 1958: Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy., 1944: World War II: King Michael of Romania dismisses the pro-Nazi government of General Antonescu. Romania switches sides from the Axis to the Allies., 1943: Kharkov is liberated by the Soviet Army., 1942: Beginning of the Battle of Stalingrad., 1940: World War II: The German Luftwaffe begins aerial bombardment of London., 1939: World War II: Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression treaty, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. In a secret addition to the pact, Baltic states, Finland and Poland are divided between the two nations., 1939: The Soviet-German agreement signed, 1914: The Battle of Mons, 1914: Japan declares war on Germany and bombs Qingdao (Tsingtao), China., 1889: The first ship to the shore wireless message is received., 1866: The Austro-Prussian War ends with the Treaty of Prague., 1864: The Union Navy captures Fort Morgan, Alabama, thus breaking Confederate dominance of all ports on the Gulf of Mexico., 1839: The UK captures Hong Kong., 1833: Slavery abolished throughout the British Empire., 1813: The Prussian army under Von Bulow repulses French attack at the Battle of Grossbeeren., 1798: Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power as Emperor of France., 1305: William Wallace (Braveheart) is executed.
410: The Visigoths under Alaric sack Rome for three days., 1991: Ukraine declares itself independent from the Soviet Union., 1968: France explodes its first hydrogen bomb, thus becoming the world's fifth nuclear power., 1949: The North Atlantic Treaty goes into effect. NATO is created., 1949: Formation of NATO, 1944: French and Allied troops commence the liberation of Paris., 1942: The Battle of the East Solomon Islands. Japanese aircraft carrier RYUHO is sunk, 1939: All leave cancelled for war, 1931: France and the Soviet Union sign a neutrality treaty., 1929: Turkey and Persia sign a friendship treaty., 1917: VC won by A/Cpl Filip Konowal, 47th Battalion, CEF (formerly 77th Battalion, CEF), Hill 70, France, 1914: German troops capture Namur., 1814: British troops invade Washington, D.C. and burn down the White House and several other buildings.
1944: The Allies liberate Paris, 1944: GOTHIC LINE, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 2 Sept 44), 1942: Battle of Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea, 1920: Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, started on August 13, ends. The Red Army is defeated., 1580: Battle of Alcantara. Spain defeats Portugal., 1537: The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed.
55BC: Julius Caesar invades Britain., 1957: The Soviet Union tests an ICBM., 1918: VC won by Lt Charles Smith Rutherford, 5th Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion, CEF, Monchy-le-Preux, France, 1918: The first battle of ARRAS, 1918, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 3 Sept 18), 1918: SCARPE, 1918, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 30 Aug 18), 1914: The British Expeditionary Force briefly checked the German advance at Le Cateau., 1914: Germany defeats Russia in Battle of Tannenberg., 1862: U.S. Civil War: The Second Battle of Bull Run begins., 1429: Joan of Arc enters Paris., 1346: Hundred Years' War: The military supremacy of the English longbow over the French combination of crossbow and armoured knights was established at the Battle of Crécy., 1071: Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Empire at Manzikert.
1979: An IRA bomb kills Lord Mountbatten and 3 others on holiday in Sligo, Republic of Ireland. Another near Warrenpoint, Northern Ireland kills 18 British soldiers., 1944: MONTECICCARDO, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 28 Aug 44), 1928: Kellogg-Briang Pact: 15 nations (including Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, USA - and later most members of the League of Nations) agree to renounce war as a means of settling international disputes; but agree there is no means of enforcing t, 1896: The shortest war in history (0902h - 0940h) between the United Kingdom and Zanzibar. Zanzibar surrenders., 1861: U.S. Civil War: Union forces attack Cape Hatteras, North Carolina., 1828: The Russians defeat the Turks at Akhaltzikke., 1813: Napoleon defeats the Austrians, Russians and Prussians at the Battle of Dresden., 1776: Battle of Long Island, in present day Brooklyn, New York British forces under General William Howe defeat Americans under General George Washington.
489: Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy., 1918: VC won by LCol William Hew Clarke-Kennedy, 24th Battalion, CEF, Wancourt, France, 1916: Germany declares war on Romania. Italy declares war on Germany., 1521: The Turks occupy Belgrade.
1958: United States Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colorado., 1949: Soviet atomic bomb project: The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb, known as First Lightning or Joe 1, at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan., 1943: German-occupied Denmark scuttles most of its navy; Germany dissolves Danish government., 1916: British capture of German prisoners since the beginning of the British offensive July 1st, 266 officers, 15,203 men, 86 guns and 160 machine guns
» 30 - Week 36
1945: Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, General Douglas MacArthur lands at Atsugi Air Force Base., 1945: British naval fore arrives in Hong Kong to reoccupy colony, 1944: MONTECCHIO, effective dates for battle honour begin (to 31 Aug 44), 1941: Siege of Leningrad begins., 1922: Battle of Dumlupinar, final battle in Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922) ("Turkish War of Independence"), 1914: Battle of Tannenberg, 1862: Battle of Richmond, Kentucky - Confederates under Edmund Kirby Smith rout a Union army under General Horatio Wright., 1813: Battle of Kulm - French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
1992: Canada sends 750 troops to Somalia, 1939: The Royal Canadian Dental Corps is authorized, 1939: Nazi Germany mounts a staged attack on Gleiwitz radio station, giving them an pretext to attack Poland the following day, starting World War II., 1916: Canadian casualties to date: 27,212 wounded, 8,644 dead, 2,005 missing, 1907: Great Britain, Russia and France form the Triple Entente alliance., 1864: American Civil War: Union forces led by General William T. Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta, Georgia, defended by troops under Confederate General John Bell Hood.